Over a 23-year period in the early 600s AD, a man went alone to a cave in present-day Saudi Arabia and claimed that an angel revealed to him sayings from God that he was instructed to memorize. No witnesses heard or saw the angel tell him these sayings over this 23-year period.
The illiterate man in the cave was called Muhammad. He told others who later wrote down the sayings he recited onto scraps of parchment or camel bones. These writings were later transcribed into what became the Qur’an (“It is We (Allah) Who have sent down the Qur’an to thee (Muhammad) by stages.” (76:23).) Those who submit to the Qur’an’s instructions are Islamists.
Christian and Jewish concepts are referred to throughout the Qur’an:
- The Bible, referred to as “The Book,” is mentioned over 200 times,
- Jews and Christians are referred to as “the people of The Book,”
- Jesus, called “Isa,” is a prophet after Noah “Nuh” and Abraham “Ibrahim,”
- Jesus is also an apostle who serves Allah who calls him, “O Allah, our Lord.” (4:172; 19:30; 43:64; 57:25-27).
Muhammad alleges that Allah first revealed the Torah (Taurat) “in which was guidance and light; with it the prophets who submitted themselves (to Allah).” After revealing the Torah, Allah sent “Isa, son of Marium, verifying what was before him of the Taurat and We gave him the Injeel in which was guidance and light.”(4:44-46).
Allah refers to Jesus as “O Isa son of Marium,” whom he gave to her supernaturally to communicate his messages and foretell of a greater prophet to come: Muhammad.
The Messiah, Isa, son of Marium [Mary] is only an apostle of Allah and His Word which He communicated to Marium and a spirit from Him; believe therefore in Allah and His apostles, and say not, Three. Desist, it is better for you; Allah is only one God: far be it from His glory that He should have a son; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; and Allah is sufficient for a Protector. The Messiah does by no means disdain that he should be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are near to Him.” (4:171, 163, 172).
Allah taught Jesus “the Book and the wisdom and the Taurat and the Injeel” and enabled him to perform miracles “by My permission.” (5:110). Allah strengthened Jesus with the Holy Spirit, who then “spoke to the people [of Israel] in the cradle and when of old age.”
Jesus then followed the example of the prophet Musa (Moses) and declared to the Jews, “O children of Israel! Surely I am the apostle of Allah to you, verifying that which is before me of the Taurat and giving the good news of an Apostle who will come after me, his name is Ahmad.” (61:6).
After the Jews, Jesus said to his disciples:
Who are my helpers in the cause of Allah? The disciples said: We are helpers (in the cause) of Allah. So a party of the children of Israel believed and another party disbelieved; then We aided those who believed against their enemy, and they became uppermost.” (61:14).
The Qur’an does not indicate why anyone wanted to kill Jesus but it does specify that anyone who believes Jesus died—and especially on the cross—is deceived. (Jesus didn’t die; someone else who looked like him did (many claim it was Judas) (3:55; 4:158)). Instead, Allah brought Jesus up to heaven, a truth the Qur’an claims Jesus will testify about “on the day of resurrection.” (5:116-118).
Allah sent a seal upon them owing to their unbelief, so they shall not believe except a few. And for their unbelief and for their uttered against Marium a grievous calumny. And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Isa son of Marium, the apostle of Allah; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Isa) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not fore sure. Nay! Allah took him up to Himself; and Allah is Mighty, Wise. And there is not one of the followers of the Book but most certainly believes in this before his death, and on the day of resurrection he (Isa) shall be a witness against them.” (4:155-159; 3:55; 5:110).
Most importantly, the Qur’an emphasizes that Jesus is neither God nor Allah (5:17, 72; 9:30-31). Jesus was simply a messenger in the long line of prophets to Israel who “gave glad tidings of Ahmad” (Muhammad) (4:171; 5:75; 43:49; 61:6). Jesus served Allah, performed miracles by Allah’s “permission,” and did not die a physical human death.
However, anyone who testifies that Jesus is fully God, fully man, the Son of God, and one of a Triune God-head, commits blasphemy, a crime punishable by death.
The text cited from the Qur’an is taken from M.H. Sharkir’s English translation, published by Tahrike Tarsile Qur’an, Inc., Elmhurst, New York, 15th U.S. Edition, 2005.
July 24, 2015